Recent military actions by Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Karabakh region have raised concerns about the potential for renewed conflict in the area. The US and Russia have called for de-escalation and an end to the violence. Here are 10 essential points to understand the situation:
- Nagorno-Karabakh is an ethnically Armenian region within Azerbaijan, historically significant to both Armenians and Azerbaijanis. It became a flashpoint after the Soviet Union’s collapse.
- The First Karabakh War (1988-1994) resulted in over a million displaced people and around 30,000 deaths. In 2020, the Second Karabakh War saw Azerbaijan regain territories and parts of Nagorno-Karabakh.
- Azerbaijan launched “anti-terrorist activities” in Nagorno-Karabakh, seeking to restore constitutional order and remove Armenian troops. This has raised fears of renewed conflict.
- Reports indicate that 27 people, including two civilians, have been killed, and over 200 injured due to Azerbaijan’s recent military actions.
- Negotiations mediated by the EU, US, and Russia have brought Armenia and Azerbaijan closer to a permanent peace treaty, but a definitive agreement remains elusive.
- A key issue is the status of the 120,000 ethnic Armenians in Karabakh. Armenia insists on their rights and security, while Azerbaijan questions Armenia’s intentions and accuses it of fueling separatism.
- Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has expressed full support for Azerbaijan’s military operation, emphasizing the two nations’ close relationship.
- The European Union has condemned the military escalation in Karabakh, calling for an immediate cessation of hostilities and urging Azerbaijan to halt its military activities.
- The United Nations has expressed deep concern and called for an immediate end to the fighting. The UN Secretary-General emphasized the need to adhere to the 2020 ceasefire and international humanitarian law.
- The situation in Nagorno-Karabakh remains fluid, with international actors urging restraint and a return to negotiations to secure a long-term peace settlement.
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Source: MINT Live