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Tuesday, July 16, 2024

ISRO Successfully Launches India’s First Solar Mission, Aditya-L1

Today, the Aditya L1 solar mission was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. The first observatory in India to be sent into space, Aditya L1, is designed to study the Sun. The Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft’s successful Moon landing was followed by the launch of India’s Aditya L1 Sun mission.

A parking lot in orbit where things prefer to remain put due to balanced gravitational forces is where the Aditya-L1 spacecraft is planned to cruise for around 1.5 million kilometer’s (930,000 miles) over the course of four months, saving fuel for the spacecraft.

Cost of the Aditya L1 mission: The solar mission is said to cost more than ₹ 300 crores.

Goals for Aditya L1 Mission:

Watch the chromosphere and corona, the solar system’s upper atmosphere, as they move. Gather information for the study of particle dynamics from the Sun and the in-situ particle and plasma environment.

Study the physics of the solar corona’s heating system as well. Its goals include, among others, a better comprehension of the dynamics of solar wind, research into the factors that influence space weather, magnetic field topology, and measurements of the magnetic field in the solar corona.

There are seven payloads in total on board. Three of them conduct in-situ observations, while four of them conduct remote sensing of the Sun.

“The suits of Aditya L1 payloads are expected to provide the most crucial information to understand the problem of coronal heating, coronal mass ejection, pre-flare and flare activities and their characteristics, dynamics of space weather, propagation of particle and fields etc,” ISRO said in an official statement.

Time of Travel for Aditya L1:

According to ISRO, the entire journey from launch to L-1 (Lagrange point) Aditya-L1 would take about four months.

The Lagrange point 1 (L1) of the Sun-Earth system will be the focal point of Aditya L1, the first Indian mission to study the Sun from space.

The Lagrange points are named after Joseph-Louis Lagrange, a French mathematician who originally investigated them in the 18th century. At Lagrange Points, where two large masses, such as the Sun and the Earth, have their gravitational pulls balanced, an area of equilibrium is formed. A spaceship can make use of this to lower its fuel usage.

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