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Sunday, April 14, 2024

Cabinet approves Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has approved Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM JANMAN) with total outlay of Rs.24,104 crore (Central Share:Rs.15,336 crore and State Share: Rs.8,768 crore) to focus on 11 critical interventions through 9 line Ministries.  The Prime Minister announced the Abhiyan on Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas from Khunti.

As announced in the Budget Speech 2023-24, “to improve socio-economic conditions of the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), Pradhan Mantri PVTG of Development Mission will be launched.  This will saturate PVTG households and habitations with basic facilities such as safe housing, clean drinking water and sanitation, improved access to education, health and nutrition, road and telecom connectivity, and sustainable livelihood opportunities.  An amount of Rs.15,000 crore will be made available to implement the Mission in the next three years under the Development Action Plan for the Scheduled Tribes (DAPST).”

India has ST population of 10.45 crore as per 2011 census, out of which 75 communities located in 18 States and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands have been categorized as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).  These PVTGs continue to face vulnerability in social, economic and educational fields.

The PM-JANMAN (comprising Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes) to focus on 11 critical interventions through 9 Ministries including Ministry of Tribal Affairs which are as follows:

S.No.ActivityNo. of Beneficiary / TargetsCost norms
1Provision of pucca houses4.90 lakhRs 2.39 lakhs /house
2Connecting roads8000 KM Rs 1.00 Cr/Km
3aPiped Water Supply/All PVTG habitations including 4.90 lakhs HHs to be constructed under the missionAs per schematic norms
3bCommunity water supply2500 Villages/ habitations with population of less than 20 HHsAs per actual cost arrived
4Mobile Medical Units with medicine cost1000 (10/district)Rs 33.88.00 lakhs/MMU
5aConstruction of hostels500Rs 2.75 Cr/hostel
5bVocational education & skilling60 Aspirational PVTG blocksRs 50 lakhs/block
6Construction of Anganwadi Centers2500Rs 12 lakhs/AWC
7Construction of Multipurpose Centers (MPC)1000Rs 60 lakhs/MPC Provision of ANM and Anganwadi worker in each MPC
8aEnergization of HHs (Last mile connectivity)57000 HHsRs 22,500/HH
8bProvision of 0.3 KW solar off-grid system100000 HHsRs 50,000/HH or as per actual cost
9Solar lighting in streets & MPCs1500 unitsRs 1,00,000/unit
10Setting up of VDVKs500Rs 15 lakhs/VDVK
11Installation of mobile towers3000 villagesAs per schematic norms cost

Other than the interventions mentioned above, the following intervention of other Ministries will be part of Mission:

  1. Ministry of Ayush will set up Ayush Wellness Centre as per existing norms and Ayush facilities will be extended to PVTG habitations through Mobile Medical Units.
  2. Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship will facilitate skill and vocational training in PVTG habitations, Multipurpose centres and hostels as per the suitable skills of these communities.

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